Engineering keywords

The Year 7 keywords

Materials

Opaque – you cannot see through it

Translucent – you can see through it a bit

Transparent – you can see completely through it

Hard – difficult to scratch or squash

Strong – difficult to break

Waterproof – does not soak up water

or let water through

Absorbent – soaks up water

Synthetic – man-made

Materials

Synthetic – man-made

Natural – not man-made

Brittle – hard but easily broken

Flexible – can be bent

 Rigid – cannot be bent

 Magnetic – attracted to a magnet

 Shiny – reflects light

 Smooth – even surface

 Rough – uneven surface

Engineering Processes

Plan-

Design Brief & Design Specification. Computer Aided Design, Sketching, Drawing, Isometric Drawings, Annotated Design ideas.

Make -

Accurate Measurement, Marking Out, Cutting, Drilling, Shaping, Assembling, Finishing, Computer Aided Manufacture.

Evaluate -

What went well? What could be improved? What do others think about your Engineered Product? Is the product Safe to use? How can you test your Product?

The Year 8 keywords

Materials

Opaque – you cannot see through it,

Translucent – you can see through it a bit,

Transparent – you can see completely through it

Hard – difficult to scratch or squash     

Strong – difficult to break       

Waterproof – does not soak up water or let water through

Absorbent – soaks up water   

Synthetic – man-made    

Natural – not man-made    

Brittle – hard but easily broken   

Flexible – can be bent   

Materials

Rigid – cannot be bent 

Magnetic – attracted to a magnet  

Shiny – reflects lights   

smooth – even surface    

Rough – uneven surface

Luster: Metals are shiny when cut, scratched, or polished.

Malleability: Metals are strong but malleable, which means that they can be easily bent or shaped. Most metals are also ductile, which means they can be drawn out to make wire.

Conductivity: Metals are excellent conductors of electricity and heat. Because they are also ductile, they are ideal for electrical wiring.

Engineering Processes

Plan-

Design Brief & Design Specification. Computer Aided Design, Sketching, Drawing, Isometric Drawings, Orthographic Drawings, Exploded Drawings, Annotated Design ideas.

Make -

Accurate Measurement, Marking Out, Cutting, Drilling, Shaping, Soldering, Electronic Circuit, Assembling, Finishing, Computer Aided Manufacture.

Evaluate -

What went well? What could be improved? What do others think about your Engineered Product? Is the product Safe to use? How can you test your Product?

The Year 9 keywords

Materials

Absorbent – soaks up water
Brittle – hard but easily broken
Colour - is how a material looks to the human eye.
Conductivity-  the ability of a material to conduct heat or electricity.
Ductile-can be stretched into wire.
Elasticity - ability if a material to resume normal shape after bending
Flexible – can be bent
Hard –  difficult to scratch or squash
Luster -Metals are shiny when cut, scratched, or polished. (Lustre is an alternative spelling)
Magnetic - attracted to a magnet
Malleable -can be beaten into thin sheets.
Natural – not man-made
Opaque – you cannot see through it,
Plasticity -can change in shape permanently

Materials

Rigid – cannot be bent
Rough – uneven surface
Shiny – reflects lights
Smooth – even surface
Stiffness -the extent to which a material resists being bent.
Strong – difficult to break
Synthetic – man-made
Tensile Strength -can stretch without breaking or snapping
Toughness - ability of a material to being hit or knocked.
Translucent –  you can see through it a bit,
Transparent – you can see completely through it
Waterproof – does not soak up water or let water through
Conductivity - Metals are excellent conductors of electricity and heat. Because they are also ductile, they are ideal for electrical wiring.

Materials

Metals: There are three types of metal: - Ferrous Metal, Non-Ferrous Metal and Alloys. Ferrous metals contain carbon e.g. steel, and Non-ferrous do not, e.g. Aluminium. Alloys contain two or more metals e.g. Brass, Bronze and Zinc.
Plastics: There are two types of plastic: - Thermosetting Plastic and Thermoplastic. E.g. Acrylic and Polythene are Thermoplastics and can be recycled, Polyester Resin and Melamine are Thermoset materials and cannot be recycled.
Woods: There are two types of wood: - Natural woods and manmade or “engineered” woods.
Smart Materials: These are modern materials that have amazing properties. They can be metal, wood or plastic, or a combination. They can re-shape and be reformed. They can be engineered to react to temperature changes and changes in electrical current. Examples are Piezo electrics, Shape memory Alloys and polymers.

Engineering Processes

Plan-

Design Brief & Design Specification (ACCESSFM). Computer Aided Design, Sketching, Drawing, Isometric Drawings, Orthographic Drawings, Exploded Drawings, Annotated Design ideas.

Make -

Accurate Measurement, Marking Out, Cutting, Drilling, Shaping, Forming, Forging, Cold working, Hot working, Assembling, Finishing, Computer Aided Manufacture.

Evaluate -

What went well? What could be improved? What do others think about your Engineered Product? Is the product Safe to use? How can you test your Product?

The Year 10 keywords

Materials

Absorbent – soaks up water
Brittle – hard but easily broken
Colour - is how a material looks to the human eye.
Conductivity-  the ability of a material to conduct heat or electricity.
Ductile-can be stretched into wire.
Elasticity - ability if a material to resume normal shape after bending
Flexible – can be bent
Hard –  difficult to scratch or squash
Luster -Metals are shiny when cut, scratched, or polished. (Lustre is an alternative spelling)
Magnetic - attracted to a magnet
Malleable -can be beaten into thin sheets.
Natural – not man-made
Opaque – you cannot see through it,
Plasticity -can change in shape permanently
Rigid – cannot be bent
Rough – uneven surface

Shiny – reflects lights
Smooth – even surface
Stiffness -the extent to which a material resists being bent.
Strong – difficult to break
Synthetic – man-made
Tensile Strength -can stretch without breaking or snapping.
Toughness - ability of a material to being hit or knocked.
Translucent –  you can see through it a bit,
Transparent – you can see completely through it
Waterproof – does not soak up water or let water through
Conductivity: Metals are excellent conductors of electricity and heat. Because they are also ductile, they are ideal for electrical wiring.
Metals: There are three types of metal: - Ferrous Metal, Non-Ferrous Metal and Alloys. Ferrous metals contain carbon e.g. steel, and Non-ferrous do not, e.g. Aluminium. Alloys contain two or more metals e.g. Brass, Bronze and Zinc. Ferrous Metals are magnetic, Non-Ferrous metals are not magnetic. 

Plastics: There are two types of plastic: - Thermosetting Plastic and Thermoplastic. E.g. Acrylic and Polythene are Thermoplastics and can be recycled, Polyester Resin and Melamine are Thermoset materials and cannot be recycled. Thermoset materials are compression moulded, Thermoplastics are Injection moulded.
Woods: There are two types of wood: - Natural woods and manmade or “engineered” woods.
Smart Materials: These are modern materials that have amazing properties. They can be metal, wood or plastic, or a combination. They can re-shape and be reformed. They can be engineered to react to temperature changes and changes in electrical current. Examples are Piezo electrics, Shape memory Alloys and polymers.

Materials Testing can either be Destructive or Non-Destructive Testing. Engineers must always test the materials that they are using. Testing materials ensures that the chosen material is safe for the purpose and environment that it is intended for. Engineers must be confident that the material will be able to withstand all the external and internal forces that are applied. 

Engineering Processes

Plan-

Design Brief & Design Specification (ACCESSFM). Computer Aided Design, Sketching, Drawing, Isometric Drawings, Orthographic Drawings, Exploded Drawings, Annotated Design ideas. Material Selection, Checking materials, Checking Engineering drawings, Reading Engineering Drawings, Identifying potential manufacturing problems.

Make -

Accurate measurement, Following Engineering Drawings, Marking out, Cutting, Drilling, Shaping, Forming, Forging, Cold working, Hot working, Assembling, Finishing, Computer Aided Manufacture. Evaluation of progress, periodic quality checking.
Metal manufacturing processes: turning, milling , drilling, casting, Welding.
Plastic manufacturing processes: Thermoplastics: injection moulding. Thermosets: compression moulding. Plastics can also be milled, turned, drilled, cut or welded.
CNC = computer numerical control
CAD = computer aided control
CAM = computer aided manufacture
Joining metals: heat= soldering—brazing—welding
Cold joining of metals and plastics= riveting, nuts and bolts

Evaluate -

What went well? What could be improved? What do others think about your Engineered Product? Is the product Safe to use? How can you test your Product?